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What Is a Queen for a Day Legal
(Proffer, Risks & Plea Bargain)

A “Queen for a Day” is a written agreement to conduct an informal interview between a federal prosecutor and a criminal defendant or suspect regarding information about a criminal activity. The defendant’s motivation in agreeing to this interview is the hope of cutting a deal with the government in exchange for said information.
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C.L. Mike Schmidt Published by C.L. Mike Schmidt

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Who Would Agree to be a Queen for a Day?

People agreeing to a Queen for a Day interview are typical witnesses, persons of interest, or a target of the investigation. A target is the person whom the prosecution believes committed the crime. A person of interest is a person whom the prosecutor believes played a role in the crime or had some involvement.

A witness is a person who was not involved in the crime but has some information that would be helpful to the prosecution. Most Queen for a Day interviews is conducted with witnesses and persons of interest.

Also Read: Accessory Before & After the Fact

What is a Proffer?

A proffer is a legal term that refers to an opportunity for an individual to tell the government what they know about an investigation. Proffers frequently occur in white-collar investigations and can be in the form of a written document or an in-person interview.

Why are Queen for a Day Agreements So Risky?

Unlike immunity or a plea bargain, Queen for a Day agreement does not prevent the federal government from twisting your statements in the furtherance of its agenda. In other words, although the government cannot use your proffer statements against you in its primary case, it can use the information to follow up on leads and conduct additional investigations. If said leads and investigations yield new evidence, this information can be used to indict and convict you.

Related Article: Top 5 Signs that a Criminal Case is Weak

What is Immunity?

Legal immunity, or immunity from prosecution, occurs when an individual or entity cannot be held liable for a violation of the law, to facilitate societal aims that outweigh the value of imposing criminal liability in such cases. The main types of immunity are witness immunity, public officials' immunity from liability, sovereign immunity, and diplomatic immunity.

Related Article: How to Get Your Criminal Case Dismissed?

What is a Plea Bargain?

Also known as a pretrial resolution, a plea bargain is the resolution of a criminal case before trial. Most criminal cases in the United States are resolved by way of a plea agreement.

Rather than going to trial, a defendant may choose to plead guilty or no contest to one or more charges in exchange for a lighter sentence. Plea agreements are valuable to expedite the judicial process and eliminate the cost of a trial and the uncertainty of a jury verdict.

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