What is Perjury?
Perjury is the crime of lying under oath. Historically, perjury was defined as lying while testifying in court. However, the law now defines the crime as covering not just trials but also many other proceedings such as grand juries, family law courts, bail hearings, Congressional committee hearings, and civil lawsuit depositions. Sworn statements made to governmental agencies such as the Social Security Administration or in financial affidavits are also covered.
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What is Obstruction of Justice?
18 U.S.C. § 1503 defines obstruction of justice as an act that "corruptly or by threats or force, or by any threatening letter or communication, influences, obstructs, or impedes, or endeavors to influence, obstruct, or impede, the due administration of justice." A person obstructs justice when he or she has a specific intent to obstruct or interfere with a judicial proceeding.
What is a False Report?
Making a false report is alerting authorities of a crime, knowing that the details of the incident are incorrect or the incident itself did not occur. False reports can be given to a police officer, prosecutor, grand jury, or 911 operator.
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What is a False Accusation?
A false accusation is a claim or allegation of wrongdoing that is untrue and/or otherwise unsupported by facts. False accusations are also commonly referred to as groundless accusations, unfounded accusations, false allegations, and false claims.
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What is the Punishment for Falsely Accusing Someone?
Giving false information is a misdemeanor that is punishable by up to 6 months in jail, a $1,000 fine, or both. However, if the false information was offered in an effort to evade arrest, additional felony charges are possible.
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How Do You Prove Innocence When Falsely Accused?
7 types of evidence that can be used to prove innocence include:
- Witness testimony
- Phone records
- Employment, bank account, or other records
- Surveillance camera footage
- Phone photos or videos
- DNA evidence
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Is it Illegal to Lie to the FBI?
The price you could pay for a single false statement made to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) can be steep. This offense is a federal crime, which makes it a felony, meaning a conviction could haunt you for the rest of your life. If you are convicted of making a false statement to the FBI, you could face up to 5 years in federal prison.
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