FREE Case Review (866) 588-0600

10 Steps to Filing a Negligence Lawsuit Against an HOA

Filing a lawsuit against a Homeowners Association (HOA) for negligence involves several steps, including documenting the evidence, reviewing governing documents, checking state laws, and consulting with an attorney.
Awards & recognition
Collen Clark Published by Collen Clark

Schmidt & Clark, LLP is not currently accepting these types of cases and has posted this content for information purposes only. We encourage you to seek a qualified attorney, if you feel you might have a case.


How Can an HOA Commit Negligence?

Homeowners Associations can commit negligence in a number of different ways, just like any other entity or individual. Negligence occurs when a party fails to exercise the standard of care that a reasonable person or organization would under similar circumstances, leading to harm or damages.

HOAs might commit negligence by failing to perform maintenance, failing to address safety hazards, lacking pest control, failing to enforce rules and regulations, breach of fiduciary duties, or engaging in discriminatory practices.

Steps to Filing a Negligence Lawsuit Against an HOA

Suing an HOA for negligence generally involves the following steps:

  • Document the Negligence - Collect evidence of the negligence, which may include photographs, videos, witness statements, communication records with the HOA, and any other relevant documentation.
  • Review Governing Documents - Examine the HOA's governing documents, including bylaws, covenants, conditions, and restrictions (CC&Rs). This documentation will outline the responsibilities of the HOA and its members.
  • Check State Laws - Educate yourself on state laws pertaining to HOAs and negligence claims. Different jurisdictions may have specific procedures and requirements for entering a claim.
  • Consult an Attorney - Talk to a knowledgeable attorney who is experienced in real estate law or community association law. They can assess the strength of your case, assist you through the legal procedures, and help you understand your rights.
  • Send a Demand Letter - Prior to suing your HOA, your attorney may send a demand letter to the association detailing the negligence claim, the damages suffered, and the compensation sought. The letter may attempt to settle the dispute outside of court.
  • Mediation or Arbitration - Certain HOA governing documents require disputes to be resolved through mediation or arbitration. Review your governing documents to see if alternative dispute resolution is needed before entering a claim.
  • File the Lawsuit - If an alternative resolution cannot be reached, your attorney can help you sue your HOA. The lawsuit must detail the specific acts of negligence, the damages incurred, and the legal basis for the suit.
  • Discovery Process - Both parties must engage in the discovery process, during which key evidence is exchanged. This may involve depositions, document requests, and interrogatories.
  • Negotiations and Settlement - Throughout the entire process, there may be opportunities for negotiations and/or a potential settlement agreement. Your attorney can inform you as to whether accepting a settlement is in your best interest.
  • Trial - If no settlement can be reached, the case will move to the trial phase. Your attorney will present evidence and arguments in court.

Related Articles:

See all personal injury and accident lawsuits our lawyers have covered so far.

Get a Free Lawsuit Evaluation With Our Lawyers

The Litigation Group at Schmidt & Clark, LLP is an experienced team of trial lawyers that focuses on the representation of plaintiffs in lawsuits. We are handling individual litigation nationwide and currently accepting new legal challenges in all 50 states.

If you or a loved one was involved with these matters, you should contact our law firm immediately for a free case evaluation. You may be entitled to a settlement by filing a suit and we can help.