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5 Causes of Hernia Mesh Failure

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C.L. Mike Schmidt Published by C.L. Mike Schmidt
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Hernia mesh failure refers to a situation where a mesh implant used to repair a hernia can no longer perform its intended function. This can occur for various reasons, such as the mesh becoming contaminated or infected, shifting out of place, or breaking down over time.

If you have received a hernia mesh and are experiencing pain or other symptoms, it’s important to speak with your doctor to determine the cause of your symptoms and the appropriate course of treatment.

At Schmidt & Clark, LLP, we are experts in hernia mesh lawsuits. The whole team is committed to holding people responsible for their negligence and helping those affected by defective hernia mesh get the needed assistance.

Why Choose Schmidt & Clark, LLP For Your Claim

  • We have over 20 years of experience representing injured individuals in their claims against large corporations and government agencies.
  • Our lawyers represent the victims of defective hernia mesh in the United States. 
  • Our law firm will deal with every aspect of your case on your behalf and guide you through every stage of litigation.

Quick Summary

  • Defects in the design of the mesh, such as poor quality materials or improper sizing, can cause hernia mesh failure.
  • Hernia mesh failure can also be caused by surgical errors, such as improper mesh placement or failure to secure the mesh in place properly.
  • Infection at the surgical site can cause the mesh to fail, either by causing the mesh to become infected or by causing the body to reject the mesh. Other factors that may contribute to mesh failure include tissue erosion, mesh shrinkage, and mesh migration.

5 Causes of Hernia Mesh Failure

There are 5 leading causes of hernia mesh failure, they include:

1. Infection 

Doctor checking an x-rayInfection means the presence of harmful microorganisms in the body, such as bacteria, viruses, or fungi. These microorganisms can cause the body to be inflamed or damaged, leading to various health problems.

An infection can occur if the mesh becomes contaminated during the surgical implantation. This can happen if the mesh comes into contact with bacteria or other microorganisms during surgery or if the patient’s immune system is weakened.

Infection can also occur if the mesh becomes contaminated after surgery, for example, if the incision site is not kept clean.

If an infection develops after hernia mesh surgery, it can cause the mesh to fail. The infection can cause the mesh to become inflamed, which can lead to pain, swelling, and discomfort. In some cases, the infection may lead to the formation of abscesses or the production of pus, which can cause additional pain and discomfort.

An infection can also cause the mesh to detach from the surrounding tissue in severe cases, leading to mesh migration. Mesh migration occurs when the mesh moves from its original position in the abdomen to another location in the body. 

This can cause additional complications, such as organ damage or nerve damage. If the infection is not treated promptly, it can lead to serious health problems and may even be life-threatening.

Related Article: Hernia Mesh Patch Lawsuits Update

2. Breakage

X-rayBreakage means the act of breaking or splitting into pieces. In hernia mesh, breakage can occur if the mesh becomes damaged or weakened over time.

There are several ways that hernia mesh can become damaged or weakened, leading to breakage. 

For example, the mesh may become stretched or torn if not correctly secured during surgery.

The mesh may also get damaged if it is subjected to excessive force or pressure after surgery, such as during physical activity.

If the hernia mesh breaks or becomes damaged, it can cause the mesh to fail. The broken mesh may no longer support the weakened abdomen area, leading to a hernia recurrence.

In some cases, the broken mesh may cause additional complications, such as pain, inflammation, or infection. 

3. Shrinkage

A doctor talking to a patient that is consulting in a hospital

Mesh shrinkage means the reduction in the size of the mesh material. In hernia mesh, shrinkage can occur due to various factors such as heat, tension, chemical exposure, or moisture.

Shrinkage of hernia mesh can cause several complications that may require medical attention.

  • Recurrence of the hernia: If the mesh shrinks significantly, it may no longer provide the necessary support and reinforcement to the weakened area, leading to hernia recurrence. The hernia may return and cause the same symptoms as before, such as pain or discomfort in the affected area.
  • Pain: Shrinkage of the mesh may cause discomfort or pain for the patient. This can be due to the mesh pressing against the surrounding tissues or organs as it shrinks, causing irritation and inflammation.
  • Infection: In some cases, shrinkage of the mesh may lead to infection or other complications. This can occur if the mesh becomes contaminated during the hernia repair surgery or if bacteria and other pathogens enter the body through the mesh.

To minimize the risk of hernia mesh shrinkage and failure, it is essential to follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully and consider the materials and processes used in producing the mesh. It is also crucial to monitor the patient’s condition and seek medical attention if any complications or adverse effects are observed.

4. Migration

Paperwork at a hospital

Mesh migration means the movement or displacement of a mesh or netting material from its intended location.

There are two types of mesh migration they are:

  • Primary migration
  • Secondary migration

Primary Migration

This type of migration can occur when the mesh needs to be correctly secured or anchored in place, either due to inadequate fixation or a wrong mesh size for the patient.

As a result, the mesh may be prone to movement from external forces such as physical activity or trauma. Primary migration can lead to complications such as hernia recurrence, pain, and infection. It can also require additional surgical intervention to resolve.

“A hernia mesh failure occurs when the mesh is causing complications and must be removed.”
Mark Reiner, M.D. at NYC Hernia Repair

Secondary Migration

Secondary migration can occur when the mesh causes inflammation in the surrounding tissue, leading the body to create granulation tissue to protect the wound.

However, the granulation process can cause the mesh to erode and migrate over time, potentially taking months or years. This type of migration can lead to complications such as hernia recurrence, pain, and infection.

Related Article: Symptoms or Signs of Mesh Migration

5. Rejection

A doctor talking to a patient in a hospitalRejection is the immune system’s response to foreign materials, including hernia mesh, in the body. When the body recognizes a foreign material as a threat, it may mount an immune response to remove or neutralize it. This immune response can cause inflammation and other immune reactions, leading to complications.

Synthetic substances, such as polypropylene, and animal tissue can cause an immune response in some individuals when used as hernia mesh. Synthetic substances are artificial materials that are commonly used in the production of hernia mesh. 

While they are generally well-tolerated, some people may experience an immune response to these materials, leading to inflammation and other complications.

Animal tissue, such as porcine (pig) or bovine (cow) tissue, is another material that may be used in the production of hernia mesh.

These materials may be less likely to cause an immune response than synthetic materials, but some people may still experience an immune reaction.

Some of the complications that can occur due to rejection of hernia mesh include:

  • Inflammation: Rejection of the mesh can cause inflammation in the surrounding tissue, leading to pain, swelling, and other symptoms. This inflammation may be caused by the immune response, bacteria, or other pathogens entering the body through the mesh.
  • Infection: Rejection of the mesh can also increase the risk of infection, as the mesh may become contaminated with bacteria or other pathogens during the hernia repair surgery. The immune response to the mesh may also impair the body’s ability to fight off infection, increasing the risk of complications.
  • Recurrence of the hernia: Rejection of the mesh may also lead to recurrence, as the mesh may no longer provide the necessary support and reinforcement to the weakened area. This may be due to inflammation or other damage caused by the immune response or the mesh becoming displaced or eroded over time.
  • Adhesions: Rejection of the mesh may also cause adhesions, which are bands of scar tissue that form between tissues or organs. Adhesions can cause pain and discomfort and may require surgical intervention.

What Can a Lawyer Do for Me?

Lawyer tools on a table

A lawyer can help you if you have experienced complications or injuries due to a hernia mesh implant. They will provide legal representation and guidance while pursuing compensation for your injuries. These are just some of the services your personal injury lawyer will provide you with.

Review Your Medical Records and Other Evidence

A lawyer will review your medical records and other relevant documents to understand the extent of your injuries and the potential causes of those injuries.

Determine Your Legal Options

A lawyer can help you understand the legal options available, including the possibility of pursuing a personal injury claim or joining a class action lawsuit.

Negotiate With Insurance Companies or the Manufacturer

A lawyer can handle negotiations with insurance companies or the manufacturer of the hernia mesh on your behalf, working to secure a fair settlement or award for your injuries.

Choose our lawyers

Have you or a loved one suffered severe pain or injury from a defective medical device?

Represent You in Court

If necessary, a lawyer can represent you in court proceedings related to your hernia mesh injuries.

If you have experienced complications or injuries due to a hernia mesh implant, it is essential to seek legal advice from an experienced personal injury lawyer.

A lawyer can help you understand your rights and options and work to secure the compensation you deserve.

Related Articles:

See the other medical device lawsuits our lawyers covered so far.


When Does a Hernia Mesh Fail?

Hernia mesh can fail for various reasons, including surgical errors, infection, tissue rejection, wear and tear, and defects in the mesh itself. Surgical errors can occur if the mesh is not secured during the surgical procedure.

How Do You Fix a Hernia Mesh Failure?

Fixing a hernia mesh will depend on the failure’s specific cause and the problem’s severity. Sometimes, the hernia mesh may need to be removed and replaced with a new one. In other cases, additional surgery may be required to repair or reinforce the existing mesh.

How Serious Is Hernia Mesh Migration?

Hernia mesh migration is a severe complication that can occur after hernia repair surgery. It occurs when the mesh used to repair the hernia moves or shifts from its original position. This can cause various problems, including pain, discomfort, and the development of additional hernias.

How Long Does Hernia Mesh Last?

How long a hernia mesh lasts can vary depending on a number of factors, such as the type of mesh used, the location of the hernia, and the patient’s overall health.

There are several different types of hernia mesh, each with its own characteristics and potential lifespan. Some types of mesh are made of synthetic materials that are intended to be permanent, while others are made of absorbable materials that are gradually absorbed by the body over time.

Get a Free Lawsuit Evaluation With Our Lawyers

Legal claims are currently being filed against many manufacturers of mesh devices for failing to warn patients and physicians of the health risks associated with defective hernia mesh products.

If you suffer from a severe hernia mesh injury or your loved one died due to defective hernia mesh, contact an experienced lawyer at Schmidt & Clark, LLP to discuss your legal options.

We are an experienced team of personal injury lawyers focusing on presenting plaintiffs in hernia mesh claims. Our lawyers are handling numerous lawsuits nationwide and currently accepting new cases in all 50 states.



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