Tardive dyskinesia is a rare neurological syndrome caused by the long-term use of neuroleptic drugs. Neuroleptic drugs are generally prescribed for psychiatric disorders, as well as for some gastrointestinal and neurological disorders. Tardive dyskinesia is characterized by repetitive, involuntary, purposeless movements. Features of the disorder may include grimacing, tongue protrusion, lip smacking, puckering and pursing, and rapid eye blinking. Rapid movements of the arms, legs, and trunk may also occur. Involuntary movements of the fingers may appear as though the patient is playing an invisible guitar or piano.
The list below includes the most authoritative websites on the Internet. Learn more about the symptoms, causes, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of tardive dyskinesia by visiting the websites listed below.
- MedlinePlus by the U.S. Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health
- National Organization for Rare Disorders
- Dystonia Society
- WE MOVE – this website has stopped working
- Baylor College of Medicine, Department of Neurology
- eMedicine by WebMD
- National Alliance on Mental Illness
- ClinicalTrials.gov by the U.S. National Institutes of Health
- U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA)
- Tardive Dyskinesia Reglan
- Wikipedia (Tardive Dyskinesia Resource)