For patients with Janumet thyroid cancer, treatments and drugs used depend on the stage of the disease, as well as the individual’s health and personal preferences. Fortunately, modern medicine is able to cure most cases of the disease. This page focuses on Janumet thyroid cancer treatments and drugs used to slow the progress of the disease.
What treatments and drugs are used for thyroid cancer?
Janumet thyroid cancer treatments and drugs typically involve:
- Surgery – Most people who have Janumet thyroid cancer will have surgery to remove the thyroid gland and / or lymph nodes in the neck. Thyroid cancer surgery is done by making a small incision at the base of the neck. Unfortunately, this procedure has the potential to cause severe internal bleeding, infections, and damage to the parathyroid glands.
- Thyroid hormone treatment – After surgery is completed, the patient will be required to take thyroid hormone drugs for the rest of their life. These medications supply the missing hormone the thyroid would normally manufacture, and inhibit the production of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) from the pituitary gland. High TSF levels can stimulate any remaining cancer cells to grow and multiply.
- Radioactive iodine – Typically done after thyroid cancer surgery, radioactive iodine is used to destroy any remaining thyroid tissue, as well as small areas of cancerous cells that weren’t taken out during surgery. Radioactive iodine may also be implemented to treat thyroid cancer that returns or that migrates to other locations inside the body.
- External radiation – Done with a machine that aims high-energy beams at specific parts of the body. External radiation is usually administered for a few minutes at a time, five days a week, for roughly six weeks. This type of treatment is usually done when thyroid cancer has migrated to the bones or other areas.
- Chemotherapy – Uses chemicals to eliminate cancerous cells. Chemotherapy is injected into the patient’s vein, and travels throughout the body killing cancerous cells. Chemotherapy is not usually used to treat Janumet thyroid cancer, but it may benefit patients who don’t react well to standard treatments.
Click here to read more about Janumet thyroid cancer treatments and drugs from the National Cancer Society.