In order to diagnose Janumet thyroid cancer, a number of tests and diagnostic procedures may be ordered by the patient’s doctor. The best way to effectively treat thyroid cancer is to catch the disease in its early stages by watching for its characteristic signs and symptoms. If you’ve suffered from any of these problems, you should contact your doctor immediately for comprehensive Janumet thyroid cancer tests and diagnosis procedures.
What tests are used to diagnose thyroid cancer?
Janumet thyroid cancer tests and diagnosis procedures may include:
- Physical exam – May be ordered to find lumps or enlargement in the neck, and to feel for the thyroid gland’s firmness.
- Biopsy – Performed to look for abnormal cells in thyroid nodules. Thyroid cancer biopsies are usually accomplished with a needle in an operation called ‘fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNA). Some individuals diagnosed with thyroid cancer may undergo surgical biopsies, where the nodule or thyroid gland is removed.
- Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) test – Analyzes the thyroid gland to find evidence of hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism.
- Calcium tests – If medullary thyroid cancer is suspected, calcium tests may be performed. Elevated calcium levels are an indicator of thyroid cancer.
- Genetic testing – Used to look for abnormal genes thought to be associated with some cases of thyroid cancer.
- Imaging tests – May be ordered to look for signs of thyroid cancer. Imaging tests typically include one or more of the following:
- Nuclear scan – Finds nodules that absorb more radioactive iodine (‘hot nodules’) which are likely to be benign.
- Computed tomography (CT) scan – Used to analyze activity in the thyroid gland and find large thyroid nodules (goiters).
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) – Can illuminate enlargement in the thyroid gland, and identify the presence of tumors, tumor size, and location of tumors in other areas besides the thyroid gland.
- Thyroid ultrasound – Can help determine whether a thyroid nodule is a fluid-filled cyst or mass of solid tissue.