Janumet has recently been linked to thyroid cancer, a life-threatening disease that originates in the thyroid gland. Thyroid cancer occurs when abnormal cells in the gland mutate, multiply, and grow out of control forming tumors. This page focuses on how doctors believe Janumet may cause thyroid cancer, and the different manifestations of the disease.
How Can Janumet Cause Thyroid Cancer?
Although the issue of exactly how Janumet causes thyroid cancer is still being debated by the medical community, changes in the cells seems to play a fundamental part in causing the disease. Abnormal cell division leading to thyroid cancer may be inherited, or it may come from any number of external factors that occur over time. However, recent studies have found that people who take Janumet to control their diabetes face an increased risk of developing thyroid cancer compared to diabetics who use other medications.
Types of Thyroid Cancer
Four major types of thyroid cancer exist including:
- Papillary Carcinoma – Slow-growing disease that usually affects women of childbearing age. Papillary carcinoma is the most commonly diagnosed variety of thyroid cancer, as well as the most treatable form of the disease.
- Medullary Carcinoma – Characterized by irregular growth of non-thyroid cells in the thyroid gland. Most cases of medullary carcinoma are suspected to be inherited, and have been associated with a number of specific genetic mutations. Medullary carcinoma is unique in that it requires different types of treatment than other forms of thyroid cancer.
- Follicular Carcinoma – Occurring in about 10% of all patients diagnosed with thyroid cancer, follicular carcinoma has the highest recurrence rate of any type of the disease. The outlook for individuals diagnosed with follicular carcinoma depends on the extent of vascular invasion the disease has caused.
- Anaplastic Carcinoma – Rare, fast spreading form of thyroid cancer that is not affected by radioiodine therapy. Also known as Giant and Spindle Cell Cancer, anaplastic carcinoma is the most life-threatening form of thyroid cancer.
Click here for more information about Janumet thyroid cancer causes from Medical News Today.