Gianvi, a generic version of Bayer’s best-selling birth control pill Yaz, has recently been linked to the development of gallbladder disease in women who take the drug for a year or longer. A growing cohort in the medical community now believes that Gianvi’s negative effect on the gallbladder may be due to drospirenone, a synthetic hormone contained in the drug that has been increasingly linked to a wide range of serious side effects and health complications. Signs and symptoms of Gianvi-induced gallbladder disease may include indigestion, gas, bloating, and a characteristic tenderness under the rib cage.
What is Gallbladder Disease?
The gallbladder is a sac located under the liver that stores and concentrates bile. Bile aids in the digestion of fats, and is released by the gallbladder into the upper small intestine in response to food. Anything that slows or otherwise obstructs the flow of bile out of the gallbladder may subsequently result in gallbladder disease.
Unfortunately, gallbladder disease has been increasingly reported in Gianvi users who have taken the drug for an extended period of time. The drospirenone contained in Gianvi may increase cholesterol levels in the bile and decrease gallbladder movement, which can create gallstones that lead to serious problems if they become trapped in the bile ducts. In most cases, laproscopic gallbladder surgery is needed when women suffer from frequent gallstones or other recurring problems such as inflammation. Sadly, even after gallbladder surgery, many women face persistent, long-term side effects from Gianvi use.
Signs & Symptoms of Gallbladder Disease
The vast majority of patients with disease-causing gallstones have no immediately detectable signs or symptoms. The stones are typically found as a result of tests performed while evaluating medical conditions other than gallbladder disease. Symptoms often appear later in life, and tend to continue and worsen as times goes by. Signs and symptoms of Gianvi-induced gallbladder disease may include:
- steady, severe pain in the upper abdomen that increases rapidly and lasts from 30 minutes to several hours
- pain in the back between the shoulder blades
- pain under the right shoulder
- nausea or vomiting
- abdominal bloating
- recurring intolerance of fatty foods
Gallbladder Disease Treatment
Gallbladders that cause pain are typically removed with the help of a laparoscope, which is an instrument that shows the surgeon pictures of the gallbladder as it is being removed. This minimally invasive procedure allows for a smaller incision and shorter hospital stay than more conventional surgical methods. Fortunately, there are no known problems associated with living without a gallbladder.
A number of prescription drugs may be used to dissolve gallstones, eliminating the need for surgery. However, it can take up to two years for a stone to dissolve fully, and stones often have the tendency to recur.