Gadolinium is considered a paramagnetic metal ion, a substance that is known to move into magnetic fields. It is this property that makes Gadolinium so useful in Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and was approved for this use by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1988.
Free Confidential Lawsuit Evaluation: If you or a loved one has been diagnosed with gadolinium storage condition or gadolinium deposition disease, you should contact our law firm immediately. You may be entitled to compensation by filing a suit and our lawyers can help.
The substance is used as a contrast agent, meaning that the substance creates a clearer picture when used in conjunction with an MRI. In some cases, Gadolinium is used with Magnetic Resonance Angiography, another imaging procedure, even though it has not been approved by the FDA for this use. An MRA is an upgraded type of MRI used to study images of blood vessels. This procedure can detect heart defects, heart disease, and strokes using highly specialized imaging techniques.
Why is Gadolinium Still on the Market?
An MRI or MRA can be performed without the use of a contrast agent containing Gadolinium, but many believe that MRI images that are taken using Gadolinium based contrast agent are highly superior to images taken without them. Measures are taken to ensure that the toxicity of the Gadolinium is greatly reduced and the contrast agent is eliminated from the body by the kidneys in a short period of time. Although it has been reported that the use of a Gadolinium based contrast agent can enhance the images collected from a MRA, the FDA has not yet approved any Gadolinium based contrast agent for this use. The MRA does have the ability to obtain detailed images without the use of any contrast agent.
Are There Any Contrast Dye Alternatives?
There are no MRI contrast agents approved by the FDA that are free of Gadolinium. Any other contrast agent requires the use of an X-ray to provide detailed images of the body. These contrast agents are commonly used in CT scans, X-rays, and X-ray angiography, but are of no use when used with an MRI. There are five Gadolinium based contrast agents that are approved for use during MRI by the FDA. These approved contrast agents include Magnevist (manufactured by Bayer Healthcare Pharmaceuticals), Omniscan (manufactured by GE Healthcare), OptiMARK (manufactured by Mallinckrodt Inc.), MultiHance (manufactured by Bracco Diagnostics), and ProHance (also manufactured by Bracco Diagnostics).
Gadolinium Side Effects
Contrast agents containing Gadolinium have been linked to several rare, potentially life threatening illness that occur in patients with kidney disease or kidney failure. The conditions are:
- Nephrogenic Systemic Fibrosis (also known as Nephrogenic Fibrosing Dermopathy) – Causes thickening and tightening of the skin on the body resulting in limited physical abilities and causing a great amount of pain and discomfort. The condition will also affect the connective tissues of the body, causing them to calcify and stiffen, and may spread to the individual’s internal organs, causing the failure of these organs.
- Gadolinium Storage Condition – Refers to situations in which a person has normal renal function but has been diagnosed with excess gadolinium in their body.
- Gadolinium Deposition Disease – Refers to situations in which a person has normal or adequate renal function but develops persistent and/or painful symptoms anywhere from a few hours to several weeks after being injected with a GBCA.
Do I have a Gadolinium Lawsuit?
The Pharmaceutical Litigation Group at our law firm is an experienced team of trial lawyers that focus on the representation of plaintiffs in gadolinium lawsuits. We are handling individual litigation nationwide and currently accepting new gadolinium deposition disease / gadolinium storage condition cases in all 50 states.
Free Case Evaluation: Again, if you or a loved one has been diagnosed with gadolinium deposition disease or gadolinium storage condition, you should contact our law firm immediately. You may be entitled to compensation by filing a suit and we can help.