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Types of Erb’s Palsy

There are several types of Erb’s palsy injuries that can be suffered by a child during delivery. The determination and diagnosis of the type of brachial plexus injury which has been sustained by a child is often difficult. The symptoms may be similar, even though the degree to which the nerve has been injured is very different.

Free Erb’s Palsy Case Evaluation: If you or a loved one has Erb’s palsy, cerebral palsy or brachial plexus palsy, you should contact our law firm immediately. You may be entitled to compensation by filing a lawsuit and we can help.

What’s the problem?

Each type of Erb’s palsy refers to a different degree of damage to the brachial plexus nerve, and could require different treatment for the child to minimize the impact the injury has throughout their life. The following are three of the most common types of Erb’s palsy:

  • Erb’s Palsy (most common variety) – also known as Brachial Plexus Paralysis, is a condition which can affect one or all of the five primary nerves that supply movement and feeling to the arm. Each baby’s injury is individual. The paralysis can be partial or complete; the damage to each nerve can range from bruising to tearing. Some babies recover on their own; however, some may require specialist intervention.
  • Complete Brachial Plexus Palsy – occurs when injury affects all five nerves in the brachial plexus. It results in paralysis and demonstrable sensory loss in the entire arm, from the shoulder down. In addition, Horner’s Syndrome, which causes eyelid droop, undilated pupil, and dormancy of sweat glands in the cheek of the affected side of the body, often accompanies the injury. Torticollis, a condition that causes a baby to face toward his good or uninjured side and prevents a baby from being able to face forward for any length of time, also accompanies complete brachial plexus palsy.
  • Klumpke’s Palsy – involves C7 and T-1 (cervical vertebra #7 and thoracic vertebra #1). There is weakness of the wrist and finger flexors and of the small muscles of the hand. Unfortunately, there is no specific treatment for this type of Erb’s palsy. However, early immobilization is followed by passive movements with a view of preventing contractures (fibrosis of connective tissue and skin, fascia, muscle, or joint capsule that prevents normal mobility of the related tissue or joint). A regimen of physical therapy and/or occupational therapy may be prescribed. Surgery is an option in severe cases and especially if a nerve has been severed.

Do I have an Erb’s Palsy Lawsuit?

The Birth Injury Litigation Group at our law firm is an experienced team of trial lawyers that focus exclusively on the representation of plaintiffs in Erb’s palsy, cerebral palsy, & brachial plexus palsy lawsuits. We are handling individual litigation nationwide and currently accepting new cases in all 50 states.

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