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Bone Cement Implantation Syndrome Risk Factors

Bone cement implantation syndrome (BCIS) has been reported to be a cause of injury and death among certain patients who undergo hip replacement surgery. According to a recent study conducted by the U.K.’s National Health Service, BCIS has claimed the lives of more than 40 hip implant recipients. This article discusses the various risk factors that may increase a patient’s risk of developing bone cement implantation syndrome.

Free Bone Cement Lawsuit Evaluation: If you developed BCIS after undergoing hip replacement surgery, or if a loved one died after a hip operation that involved the use of bone cement, you should contact our law firm immediately. You may be entitled to compensation by filing a suit and we can help.

What are the Risk Factors of BCIS?

The medical literature has identified a number of patient-related risk factors that may increase the risk for the development of bone cement implantation syndrome. These include:

  • Old age
  • Poor health
  • Reduced cardiopulmonary function
  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • Osteoporosis
  • Bony metastases
  • Previous hip fractures

Of these BCIS risk factors, osteoporosis, metastases and hip fractures have been linked to increased or abnormal vascular channels through which marrow can pass into the circulatory system. Patients with a patent foramen ovale (PFO) or atrial septal defect (ASD) may be at an increased risk of suffering a pulmonary embolism or other cardiovascular complications.

A BJA case study of 55 hip implant recipients whose surgeries involved the use of bone cement identified 3 patients who suffered catastrophic complications, 2 who lapsed into a coma, and 1 patient who died. All 3 were diagnosed with metastatic disease and had previously un-cemented femurs. Malignant tumors have been linked to elevated levels of procoagulants like fibrinopeptide, which may increase the risk of thromboembolism.

Surgical Risk Factors

Individuals with previously un-cemented femoral canals may face an increased risk of developing BCIS compared to those undergoing revision surgery. This may be because there is more embolic material in an un-cemented femur. Once the canal has been cemented, the inner surface of the femur is smooth and less permeable. Therefore, the use of a long-stem femoral component may increase the risk of a patient developing bone cement implantation syndrome.

Risk Reduction

Hip replacement patients with one or more of the BCIS risk factors listed in the first section should have their vital signs monitored closely before undergoing surgery. This entails arterial pressure monitoring and a central venous catheter. Hypotension resulting from bone cement implantation syndrome may be caused by decreased systemic vascular resistance, reduced cardiac output, or a combination of the 2. Cardiac output monitoring should be given serious consideration in patients with multiple risk factors for BCIS. This would allow for management to be directed more appropriately should the condition arise.

Can I File a Bone Cement Lawsuit?

Only a qualified attorney can determine whether you are eligible to file a Bone Cement Implantation Syndrome Lawsuit, which is why we are currently offering free case evaluations. Simply fill out the confidential evaluation form below to contact our law firm now.

Most cases involving medical devices allege that a product was sold with design, manufacturing, and/or marketing defects, which typically refers to a company’s failure to warn of a potential complication. In the case of bone cement, our attorneys suspect that patients may be able to take legal action in light of claims that manufacturers failed to adequately warn doctors and patients about the risk of bone cement implantation syndrome, heart attack/arrhythmia, high blood pressure and toxic reactions.

How Can Filing a Lawsuit Help Me?

By filing a Bone Cement Lawsuit, you may be entitled to collect compensation for all current and future medical expenses related to the treatment of your bone cement implantation syndrome or other injury, as well as for damages for pain and suffering. Additionally, filing a lawsuit can help hold the bone cement’s manufacturer accountable for releasing an allegedly defective medical device into the marketplace, and to discourage other pharmaceutical companies from engaging in similar conduct.

Do I have a Bone Cement Lawsuit?

The Medical Device Litigation Group at our law firm is an experienced team of trial lawyers that focus on the representation of plaintiffs in Bone Cement Lawsuits. We are handling individual litigation nationwide and currently accepting new Bone Cement Implantation Syndrome cases in all 50 states.

Free Bone Cement Lawsuit Evaluation: If you or a loved one developed BCIS after being treated with bone cement, you should contact our law firm immediately. You may be entitled to compensation by filing a Bone Cement Suit and we can help.

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